X-ray and Fluoroscopy
X-ray, also known as radiography, is one of the oldest and fastest ways to view and evaluate the skull, spine, joints, extremities, and some internal organs. X-ray is useful to diagnose bone injury and disease, such as fractures, infections, and cancer.
Fluoroscopy is a study of moving body structures that display images in real time. Fluoroscopy can be used when a radiologist or physician inserts a needle for a biopsy or to deliver medication to a specific area in the body. For certain types of intestinal tract studies, patients may be required to swallow a radiopaque contrast agent so the radiologist or another physician can follow the agent through the patient’s body.
What to Expect
You may be asked to change into a gown to eliminate any interference with a clear view of the area or interest. You will be asked to stand, sit, or lie on a table while the images are being taken. The amount of time required for the exam will depend on the number of x-ray images the technologist needs to take. Contrast agents used during fluoroscopy exam may be introduced to the body through injections, swallowing, or in some exams, an enema. If a contrast agent is used, the patient is encouraged to drink plenty of fluids to help the contrast material move through the body.
How to prepare
Most x-ray exams don’t require preparation. Some exams require special instructions prior to the procedure:
- Upper GI
- Intravenous Urogram
- Barium Enema